Wednesday 30 December 2020

First World War project revived

While 2020 was in many ways one of the worst of years ironically it has proven to be a great year from a gaming point of view. Despite a lengthy lockdown in March and April the latter half of the year saw a return to face to face gaming. Aside from my usual opponent Dave I managed to play games at two different clubs, one of which has now become a regular fixture. 

That led to my first ever game using the TooFatLardies First World War rules Through the Mud and Blood. As it happens, not a game set amidst the trenches of the Western Front, but a more exotic game set in East Africa that provided a very good introduction to the rules.

I bought Through the Mud and Blood about five years ago, at the same time I invested in enough 28mm figures from Great War Miniatures to make up platoons for British and Germans for the latter part of the war. My intention was to try to convince an old board gaming opponent of mine to try miniatures (another Dave as it happens and a mutual board gaming friend of both of us from ours days playing Advanced Squad Leader). Sadly, despite a big interest in the First World War, he didn’t take to miniatures and so the project became dormant. So on the bright side, the combination of  joining a new club, finding a ready opponent and generating some interest with my regular miniatures opponent Dave, was more than sufficient to give me the impetus to bring the project back to life. 

I had started painting the British and so it made sense that these would be the first to be completed. All the figures are from GWM and they are a splendid bunch of sculpts. Fired with renewed enthusiasm I picked up the Lardy published supplement Stout Hearts and Iron Troopers, which is an excellent introduction to the rules. I’m using the platoon lists provided there for the introductory scenarios as the basis on which I’ll build the core platoons.

For the British that means a platoon lieutenant and a sergeant as the two men to command the platoon. The platoon itself is made up of four sections - riflemen, rifle grenadiers, bombers and Lewis gun, each of which is commanded by a corporal.

The individual soldiers are based on 25mm rounds and the officers and NCOs are on 30mm rounds. The platoon lieutenants tend to be either a Status III or IV Big Man and so I decided it might be useful to mark the bases in some way. Rather than opt for using sabot bases as I have for my leaders in Sharp Practice, I’ve decided to theme the bases. In the case the of the lieutenants that’s been done using a number of sandbags to signify their status.

I’ve tried something similar with the NCOs. In the case of Status I leaders I’ve used a single item such as a blasted tree stump or stanchion of barbed wire, doubling the number in the case of Status II leaders.

The other ranks in the various sections of the platoon have nothing specific on their bases and so it should make it easier to identify the Big Men. Here are some of the rifle grenadiers.

The rifle men.

The Lewis teams.

And the bombers.

For the first time I have magnetised the bases of my figures and tried a different storage method. These are metal letter trays that I bought from IKEA from their Kvissle range of office furniture. The trays are covered in a thin layer of cork which prevent the magnets working effectively but this can be peeled off.

What I like in particular is that the trays can be removed, which means they can be taken straight to the gaming table ready for deployment.

I have a Vickers machine gun team to paint, as well as a few additional leaders and some men to act as scouts or runners with the platoon HQ. Behind them in the paint queue are their opponents, the Germans. Lots of those to paint as I have enough for a platoon of regular infantry and one of stormtroopers.

Monday 14 December 2020

Wounded leaders for Chain of Command

If you've been following this blog for any amount of time you will know that I have already devised several ways of marking wounded leaders for my games of Chain of Command. The quest for the ideal solution seems never ending as I think I've finally found something that works. The solution I've been chasing needs to achieve two aims - to record the event on the table but also to blend in well with the terrain.

One of my favourite methods has been to have an actual figure of a wounded leader to replace the figure of the leader who was just hit. That concepts fits my gaming aesthetic where I want to avoid markers that break the immersive nature of the table. Of course there's always an element of compromise, after all there's no point having an attractive marker if it's function is not clear.

The wounded leader figure certainly works in that respect but presents a few problems of its own. Firstly you need to have figures or convert them and while that is certainly possible it isn't always easy to find the right figures and conversion parts for every nationality or unit. I started off with some simple head swaps using a bandaged head that comes as a spare head with the Plastic Soldier Company 1/72 German Infantry set.

While that solved one issue it didn't solve another which is to show the two different types of wounds in the game - one wound, is a light wound that affects the leader for the remainder of the game. That was the idea behind substituting the figures with the bandaged head. However the other wound is a temporary one that sees the leader out of action only for the remainder of the turn. Given that was a different status it needed a different solution. Many players simply lie the figure over on its side. I don't know if I'm being particularly fussy but that just looks horribly wrong to me, as though someone has carelessly knocked the miniature over. Perhaps it's a reminder of playing toy soldiers as kid. Whatever it is, it wasn't going to work for me.

My second solution was to use an individual sabot base and have one for the light wound that lasts the game and one for the temporary wound (which I refer to as being stunned). I have used these type of single sabot bases for my leader markers for Sharp Practice and they work well. This was more practical and meant the same sabot bases would work regardless of nationality or uniform. I was very happy with this as a solution. 

However one of the things about taking photographs of our games for the AARs for the blog is that I scrutinise all my miniatures and our tables much closer than I might normally do were we just playing and not photographing. I started to notice the large footprint my leaders were taking up on their normal basing and then how much greater that became when wounded. 

My individual soldiers are based on 20mm MDF rounds. The junior leaders were on 25mm rounds and I had carried over a basing convention from another game to put senior leaders on 20x40mm rectangles. Those leader bases were taking up a lot of space, particularly in confined terrain. Once I put the junior leaders in the individual sabot bases they were taking up as much space as the senior leaders (who were already taking up too much space).  

The picture below sums the issue up nicely. The LMG team is on a 40x40 base, when I include a senior leader on a 20x40 rectangle and a marker for shock the space on the upper level is already overcrowded. On the lower level there is a wounded leader on a sabot base and you can see how there simply isn't room for everything when the bases are that large and you start to include markers for shock etc.

So to cut a long story short I rebased all my leaders and the weapons teams to reduce their footprint (you can see that in more detail in this post). Junior leaders went on to 20mm rounds and the senior leaders went on to 20x30 rectangles. This was a big improvement, but then of course my wounded leader sabot bases no longer worked for my junior leaders. My first reaction was to redo those sabots using a smaller size sabot for the new 20mm rounds, but in some ways that felt regressive if I was really aiming to reduce the footprint. I liked the sabot idea but wondered if I could find a way to do it in a smaller size.

I looked at all the types of bases offered by the various manufacturers and found these individual rings from Knights of Dice based in Melbourne. They looked like a good solution. 

They are intended to help when making custom sabot bases of your own design and are a very good and versatile idea.

I had used a painted haversack to represent a medic's satchel with my original wounded leader figures and so decided to use the same concept with these sabot rings. The satchels were quite small and would just about fit the width of the new rings. 

To keep the bases at a low profile I decided to mount the sabot rings on pieces of spare grey board left over from a Sarissa MDF house kit.

The edges were chamfered using the sanding tool on my Dremel to give them a more natural appearance. They were then textured and flocked as I would my normal bases. Finally, bags and haversacks from the spares box were added to make the medic's satchels.

To differentiate the two types of wounds, I painted some of the medic's satchels with the letter S to signify the leader was stunned.

When combined with the smaller bases for the junior leaders this enables a wounded leader to be marked without taking up a significant footprint.

While this works well for junior leaders it doesn't solve how to treat senior leaders with their different shaped bases.

The simplest solution was to use the same medic's satchels but to put these on small 20mm round bases. The satchels themselves looked a bit lost on the base and so I thought I would add bandages, which I made by soaking thin strips of white paper in diluted PVA glue and when soft laying them to shape on the base. At first I didn't add any blood but the bandages looked a little bit too much like toilet paper without it.

While this gives me a universal solution for recording wounds it doesn't mean I have abandoned totally  the idea of have wounded figures fulfil the roll - if I can find them. I've been after some casualty figures for my British platoon for NW Europe and picked up an excellent set of nine figures from AB Figures representing a regimental aid post.

Among the casualties was a walking wounded soldier with his arm in a sling that I thought would lend itself well to a wounded leader and so I based him as I would a junior leader and added a medic's satchel for good measure.

This gives a couple of options for wounded British leaders. I do like having a specific wounded figure, it's very evocative and so I'll be keeping an eye out for suitably posed figures for other nationalities.

While we are on the subject of wounds, the set also includes a stretcher bearer and a medic, both of which will make for excellent medic figures as supports in Chain of Command. All in all a very useful set.

Monday 7 December 2020

Last Stand on Opium Hill Scenario 4 (one more time)

Having tried unsuccessfully to take the Opium Factory in the previous game, the second Japanese platoon suffered such heavy casualties that it is no longer effective. That means I will call forward the third and final Japanese platoon for this second attempt to clear the factory. Success would mean a campaign victory but failure with heavy losses would leave a third attempt doomed to failure and campaign defeat.

The challenge for the Japanese is to cross a large amount of open ground and arrive in good enough shape to drive the British from a strong defensive position. In the earlier game I looked to artillery support in the form of a pre-game barrage and a mortar barrage, with the additional help of a Type 97 Chi Ha tank to traverse the open ground. It did not end well.

This time I'm planning something different. I think gaining a foothold in the jungle by playing a very aggressive patrol phase on the Japanese left flank is the key to covering the open ground. I intend to focus the full attention of that phase on pushing forward on that flank and heading for the jungle. How well I succeed will then determine what support I think is necessary to achieve the objective.

The Japanese receive the maximum four free moves at the beginning of the patrol phase which is an excellent start. The British have all their jump-off-points on the opposite side of the table in the objective building (the opium factory) and will find it difficult to counter a strong Japanese move toward the jungle.

I have all three Japanese patrol markers stacked together near the left flank. I use the first three free moves to move the entire stack forward and the fourth move to advance one to the edge of the jungle. From there it will be impossible for the British to move fast enough to prevent placement of a jump-off-point in that area. 

Map © Rosio Espin and Karwansaray BV
Originally published in Wargames, Soldiers and Strategy #101

In fact the patrol phase goes very well, not only am I able to get into the jungle but I deny the British access to the plantation house, a potential strongpoint. In the end jump-off-points are placed as pictured below:

Map © Rosio Espin and Karwansaray BV
Originally published in Wargames, Soldiers and Strategy #101

Japanese force morale starts at a lowly eight, while the British are at ten. The support roll is high with nine support points for the Japanese and seven for the British. 

Now that I have jump-off-points much closer to the factory I don't think I need to call on artillery support as I did previously. The key is to bring my platoon close to the factory with sufficient force to drive out the defenders. Looking at the map I decide on a Ruse, as I should be able to advance my jump-off-point in the jungle to a point where I can deploy units and close down the nearest British jump-off-point. That would kill two birds with one stone - deny the British the opportunity to disrupt my progress through the jungle and allow the Japanese to deploy within line of sight of the factory. 

I want extra firepower and if ever there was a job for a flamethrower team this is it. I suspect Dave will consider making use of the single minefield available for the campaign and so a Japanese engineer squad made up of a flamethrower team and a mine clearing team would prove a useful combination. If there is no minefield then a wire clearing team might be an alternative. To that I will add a Type 92 MMG team for additional fire support. 

Before we start Dave places any fixed defences. He's been quite canny and selected the minefield, using it to booby trap the plantation house. I think it fits the narrative of the defence quite well - if you can't hold an important piece of ground the least you can do is try to deny it to your enemy. That's a smart move but hopefully one I can counter with my engineers. I'd like to use the house as a base of fire for the assault on the factory.

The Japanese open the first phase by announcing the Ruse and moving the jump-off-point through the jungle as planned. 

From there a squad is able to deploy and immediately close down the nearest British jump-off-point. 

The squad corporal then puts his men on overwatch facing the factory.

They are joined by the grenade discharger squad who deploy to their right.

The Gunso, the platoon second in command, joins them and puts two of the grenade discharger teams on overwatch. 

I feel rather pleased with myself, this is a promising start. However, the next British command roll of 66553 jolts me out of any complacency. The British reveal an entrenched section in the open ground. They drop their concealment and open fire. 

Two of the Japanese are hit and one of those is the squad corporal, who is killed. That's a terrible start and Japanese force morale drops a point to seven. 

The other man hit is from one of the grenade discharger teams.

The Japanese squad are on overwatch and return fire immediately. It's at this point I discover the Malay platoon are Diehards, a unique support option available only for their second platoon. The entire platoon can ignore the effects of shock, they will fight on until all their men are dead. That's going to make them very tough to eliminate. Despite seven hits from the Japanese fire there isn't a single kill and of course any shock is ignored.

In the following British phase the command roll enables the Malays to make a very aggressive response. Two sections appear behind the fence surrounding the factory. 

They are joined by the platoon's 2” mortar team.

When combined with the entrenched squad in the open that makes for an imposing firing line opposing the Japanese. 

The platoon sergeant joins the entrenched section and all three sections pour fire into the jungle. The Japanese are about to take the full weight of the Malay platoon's firepower.

Fortunately for the Japanese the dense jungle provides hard cover so that despite the volume of fire only two men are casualties. However one of those men is the Gunso, the second in command, and he is killed. The loss of a senior leader is a heavy blow to Japanese force morale which drop two points to five. The death of two NCOs so early in the fight has really rocked the platoon's morale. This might not be such a good start after all. 

The 2” mortar team then fire off a round of smoke that blocks the line of sight for two of the grenade discharger teams. 

If it were not for the loss of those two leaders I would have thought the Japanese had stood up well to that opening barrage of small arms fire. Force morale may be lower than I would like but the Japanese can still bring plenty of force to bear. In their next phase the engineers deploy into the grounds of the plantation house ready to start clearing the mines.

With all the British attention focussed on the jungle I decide to mount a diversionary assault from my right flank. It's a risk putting a squad into the open but I want to prevent the British from concentrating the full strength of their platoon against the jungle. A squad deploys from the village hut and takes up tactical positions.

While the squad is some distance from the factory their presence should force the British to divert attention to covering this flank. Hopefully I can move quickly and cover some of the distance before they can respond.

The squad in the jungle returns fire at the entrenched section. 

This time the fire proves very effective and the section lose two men from the Bren team. If the Malays are determined to stand and die I will do my best to help them. 

The British have more good fortune with a command roll of 66652. That will be a double phase and a turn end. Their first action is to send one of the sections around to the front of the factory. The diversionary attack has achieved its aim of drawing British attention away from the jungle, unfortunately the double phase will allow them to respond more quickly than I had anticipated. 

All that open ground suddenly looks even more daunting.

With that the turn ends. As a result the Japanese in the open will lose their tactical positions. On the other hand the smoke from the 2" mortar is removed which will allow the grenade discharger squad to see across to the factory. 

In the following British phase the corporal with the entrenched section assigns two men from the rifle team to the bren team to bring them back to full strength. With that done the platoon sergeant directs the bren team to use concentrated fire and focus on one of the grenade discharger teams that has already lost two men. The fire inflicts only two points of shock but I can see that Dave wants to take advantage of every opportunity to reduce Japanese force morale now that it is looking weak. 

The platoon lieutenant deploys into the factory. This man is Lieutenant Adnan Saidi, whose actions on this day in 1942 were to make him one of Singapore's national heroes. His presence allows the platoon to re-roll any force morale results of six. 

He orders the men outside the factory to come inside and use the cover of the building.

Meanwhile the corporal of the entrenched section directs the remaining men of the rifle team to fire five rounds rapid into the jungle.

At the same time the platoon lieutenant has the Lewis gun section at the factory join in the fire.

The Japanese lose two men in the rifle squad and another from one of the grenade discharger teams, reducing that team to a single crew member. 

Lastly the lieutenant orders the 2” mortar team to fire more smoke and try to mask off the grenade discharger squad.

However their aim is off and the smoke round explodes in the grounds of the plantation house.

This is going to prove a tough nut to crack for the Japanese. In the following phase the corporal with the grenade discharger squad reassigns a man from one team to make up the numbers in the team reduced to a single man. This will enable all three grenade dischargers to fire at full effect. 

He then orders each of them to fire a round of smoke in front of the factory. Their aim is good. All three rounds land on target providing a very effective smoke screen.

The mine clearance team attempt to clear the area around the house, but they are unsuccessful.

The smoke screen will allow the Japanese to focus on the entrenched Malay section and so the Type 92 MMG team deploys to add to the weight of fire that can be brought to bear. It opens fire. 

The Malays take another casualty and the section loses a man from the rifle team.

With a desperate shortage of NCOs on this flank the Rikugun is forced to deploy to take the units under command. There is still one more Japanese rifle squad to deploy and they may have trouble with the Rikugun occupied elsewhere, but for now I will just have to take that risk. He orders the squad to fire at the entrenched section. Two men are casualties and one of those is the platoon sergeant who is wounded and out of action for the remainder of the turn. That brings British force morale down two points to eight. That's a better result and with the smoke screen blinding the factory this section might find itself overwhelmed if it's not careful.

When the British phase arrives it's clear Dave has also seen what might happen here, so he's quick to act. The platoon lieutenant orders the 2" mortar team to fire a round of smoke and provide the section with some cover. The round lands on target and gives them the concealment they need to withdraw toward the relative safety of the factory.

They carry the wounded platoon sergeant with them. While they don't make it all the way back to the factory the smoke has served its purpose and keeps them out of sight of the Japanese.

The lieutenant then orders the section at the front of the factory to fire at the squad in open. 

No longer in tactical positions they are very exposed and so it's no surprise when they take two casualties. Once again, it's a leader who is hit and the squad corporal is wounded. Fortunately, this time Japanese morale holds steady, but for some reason my leaders seem to be attracting a disproportionate amount of bullets today. 

There is no point that squad remaining where it is. For as long as it's presenting a threat to the factory it is achieving the aim of holding the attention of at least one British section, so in the next Japanese phase the squad continues edging forward tactically. 

They have a long way to go but remain a threat that cannot be ignored.

With the British all back at the factory or behind the smoke screen it's time for the Japanese to press forward. The Rikugun orders the squad to advance out of the jungle. 

He moves forward himself to the tree line. 

He then puts the MMG team on overwatch so they can help cover the advance.

In the British phase the section that withdrew from the entrenchments makes its way into the grounds of the factory.

The Japanese squad in the open then faces more fire from the factory. The section corporal orders five rounds rapid from the rifle team while the platoon lieutenant orders the bren team to engage the same target. 

Despite the volume of fire the squad survives unscathed. 

In the following Japanese phase the engineers continue to have no luck clearing the mines. I'm beginning to wonder if it is any longer worth the effort. I would be better simply pressing forward and have the flamethrower team ready to support the attack on the factory. I had visions of the MMG team taking up position on the roof but that moment has passed.

There are more important things to do while the smoke barrage is in place and the Rikugun orders the squad to move forward at the double. 

I want them to cover as much ground as possible while they have the protection of the smoke screen.

The squad are certainly up to the task and they dash forward covering the ground very quickly. In fact they go forward so fast they barrel into the smoke screen and straight into close combat with the British section at the factory fence. That wasn't quite my intention but perhaps this kind of aggression is just what I need to tackle the resolute men of the Malay Regiment?

What ensues is a very bloody bout of hand-to-hand combat. The odds don't favour the attacker with the British rolling 25 dice to the Japanese 13, but close combat can be a risky venture and something of a lottery. The outcome is never predictable and so it transpires. The British lose the close combat despite the odds, inflicting seven casualties to the Japanese eight. The Japanese do suffer four points of shock, while the British as 'diehards' can ignore theirs. 

Nonetheless that's a surprising success that sees the handful of British survivors retreat back from the fence. Perhaps this is the breakthrough the Japanese need?

The section corporal was lightly wounded and the rifle team was wiped out, but fortunately for the British their force morale drops only one point to seven.  

Having lost the close combat by a difference of one casualty the wounded leader and Lewis gun crew fall back 6” into the factory. The Japanese squad is now very weak and so I need to support them quickly if I'm to capitalise on this unexpected development.

The Rikugun orders the MMG team forward in support. 

He also orders the grenade discharger squad to follow, although they move a little slower. The squad are equipped with rifles and can act as a regular rifle squad, so may prove more useful in that role once they reach the factory.

The Japanese maintain the threat on the other flank and the squad moves forward tactically.

I'd like to move them faster but that would leave them exposed in open ground and likely to suffer as a result.

In the British phase the section that withdrew from their entrenchment move into the factory and take up positions at the windows. 

From the window the corporal orders one of the men to throw a grenade at the remnants of the Japanese squad at the factory fence. There are two hits and they both result in kills. 

That leaves a single survivor from the squad and with five points of shock he breaks and falls back 14". 

That's a blow in more ways than one as it brings Japanese morale down a point to four. I suspect that's the last we will see of them in this fight but that rash charge to the factory has changed the complexion the game.

The British survivors of the close combat return to the fray and move forward into the central rooms of the factory. This may be a last stand position but it's looking like a difficult one to break into. I regret not moving the flamethrower team earlier, it's just the weapon the Japanese need to assault a tough position like this.

The 2” mortar team find the best cover they can and take up tactical positions. 

Once again the Japanese squad in the open comes under fire from the factory. While the platoon lieutenant directs the bren team, the section corporal orders the rifle team to fire five rounds rapid.

The Japanese squad has been wise to move tactically. It may be slower, but it has given them much needed protection. It pays off now as they suffer only two points of shock.

Low force morale has reduced the Japanese to four command dice, so a command roll of 6612 in the next phase is as unexpected as it is welcome. This presents a great opportunity to push forward. The flamethrower team move at the double toward the back of the plantation house. 

Now is not the time for the squad on the right to remain cautious. The corporal orders them forward at the double and despite suffering shock they cover 12" quickly. 

The Japanese luck with the command dice continues with a roll of 6642, once again as unexpected as it is welcome. The Rikugun makes his way toward the flamethrower team. 

He orders them out of the gate and to move toward the factory. They move a little slower than the Rikugun would like but they should be able to cover more ground in the subsequent phase.

He then orders the grenade discharger squad forward. 

While there is Japanese pressure building up on this flank I want to make it decisive.

The final Japanese rifle squad tries to deploy, but with the Rikugun on the table I run a 50% chance of failure. Fortunately the squad is successful and they emerge from the jungle. 

That now gives the Japanese the strength they need to attempt a break in to the factory. They just need their force morale to hold up!

The run of phases comes to an end with the next command roll of 4422, but it is sufficient to enable a general advance. The newly arrived squad moves at the double toward the factory. 

The Rikugun orders the grenade discharger squad to move, but they only manage a feeble 2”. 

He then sends the MMG team forward. 

Lastly, he leads the flamethrower team at the double around to the left of the MMG.

The squad in the open attempts a dash toward the factory fence but they don't cover the distance in time. Nonetheless the British defenders are now under a lot of pressure. 

The British use their phase to prepare the defence of the factory. 

The platoon lieutenant calls the Lewis team to the window to join him and one of the NCOs. 

Once again the section at the front of the factory fire out at the advancing squad in the open. 

The Japanese lose another two men and see their shock increase to eight. 

Despite only four command dice the Japanese command roll of 6422 is enough to activate most units. Wisely the squad in the open hits the dirt and goes tactical. They've done a good job drawing British fire but they are only useful while they remain a threat and I can't afford to have them pin or break. 

The Rikugun orders the grenade discharger squad to continue making its way forward. 

He then puts the MMG team on overwatch.

With that done he continues to lead the flamethrower team forward.

Finally the squad moves forward to join them.

The smoke screen has worked well and there's not much further to go to reach the factory.

What I hadn't noticed was that the British had accumulated a full CoC dice and Dave chooses the end of the Japanese phase as the moment to use it and end the turn. 

The lone survivor of the broken squad routs from the table. Fortunately there is no NCO with them and so no adverse impact on Japanese morale. 

More significantly the smoke screen drifts away and the Japanese lose the protection it has afforded them so far. 

To make matters worse the MMG team are no long on overwatch.

And the squad in the open no longer tactical.

The British on the other hand see their wounded platoon sergeant back on his feet.

This gives the British their opportunity to try to slow the Japanese advance. The platoon lieutenant directs the Lewis team to use concentrated fire and focus solely on the flamethrower team.  

Their view is partially obscured by the factory fence which affords the Japanese light cover and while the flamethrower team suffer shock none of them are killed. 

A hand grenade is hurled from the factory, but it misses and explodes harmlessly. 

One of the Malay sections is unable to see the flamethrower team but they can see the grenade discharger squad and MMG and so open fire. 

Two of the Japanese are casualties and, as has happened so often in this game, one of those is the corporal from the grenade discharger squad, who is wounded. Japanese morale drops down to three. If it wasn't for the low force morale I'd be feeling fairly optimistic about my chances here but things are really hanging in the balance at the moment. 

With the British unable to eliminate the flamethrower team with small arms fire it is left to the 2” mortar team to try to blind it with smoke. It is just outside the mortar's minimum range.

This time their aim is good and the round lands right on target. 

Once again the Japanese squad in the open is targeted by the section at the factory door. However the section can no longer ignore the threat on its right from the advancing Japanese. The rifle team fires at full effect but the bren team fire at half effect before moving. The Japanese squad lose another man and their shock climbs to ten, which brings them very close to pinning. 

With that done the section's bren team moves to face out of the other window and the oncoming Japanese.

With the Japanese down to three command dice it's going to be a lot trickier to command the platoon and a command roll of 553 in the following phase reinforces that point. It is time to try to force the issue and so the corporal commanding the squad near the factory rallies a point of shock before ordering them to charge at the double toward the factory entrance. 

It's a big moment in the game and the dice decide to be brutally cruel. Ah, the misfortunes of war and the best laid plans of men. The squad move forward a miserable 3".

Fortunately the British are not helped by a command roll of 55532. Once again the section at the factory engages the squad in the open. The rifle team give them their full attention and the bren team move back to their previous position and contribute half firepower to the attack. This time it has no effect.

One of the other sections in the factory continues to fire at the grenade discharger squad while the corporal engages the nearby Japanese MMG team with his submachine gun. 

The fire has little effect but the grenade discharger squad does suffer a point of shock.

The next Japanese command roll is 553, identical to the previous phase. While it doesn't provide many activation options it does mean they now have a full CoC die available. 

Once again the corporal commanding the squad outside the factory exhorts his men to a superhuman effort and they storm toward the factory. 

This time they are inspired by his leadership. They surge around the factory fence and into the building.

The Malay defenders may be outnumbered, but they have other things in their favour - they are defending hard cover, they have a light machine gun and the section corporal is armed with a Thompson submachine gun, all in all a very useful combination at a time like this. They will roll 22 dice in total against the Japanese 16.

However fortune favours the Japanese who win the close combat with six casualties to four. The British see the bren team wiped out and the corporal killed which brings their force morale down two points to six. 

That's a turn of events that puts the outcome of this game very much in the balance. Despite the casualties and shock the Japanese squad has broken into the factory and reduced British force morale. Both sides have taken a lot of casualties and the Malays are hanging on by a small margin. I have a CoC die and it's tempting to use it to end the turn and capture the jump off point to further reduce British morale but I think I may have other uses for it. 

With perfect timing the British then roll 66442 with their command dice. I really didn't need that! One of the sections in the factory fires out at the grenade discharger squad.

There is only one hit but it results in one kill. For once it's not one of my leaders, but it does see one of the grenade discharger teams reduced to a single man.

The platoon sergeant then tells the Lewis gun team to fire at the grenade discharger squad and orders the 2” mortar to fire a round of HE at the same target. 

The Japanese suffer more shock and another member of one of the teams is killed. I think Dave senses a good opportunity to drive down Japanese morale by eliminating the vulnerable grenade discharger teams.

Despite the presence of the Japanese squad in the adjoining room of the factory, the lieutenant orders the rifle team to fire at the squad in the open. The British have a double phase and Dave intends dealing with one squad at a time.

The fire inflicts two points of shock and finally that's enough to see the squad pinned. With a wounded leader and no senior leaders nearby, that squad is unlikely to do much more in this game. They came close to the factory and diverted the attention of one British section, but will it have been enough?

The lieutenant then has the rifle team throw a grenade into the adjoining room. In the enclosed confines of the building the grenade is particularly effective and the Japanese squad loses two men and suffers more shock. The fighting in the factory is becoming particularly vicious and desperate.

In the following British phase the lieutenant orders the section to maintain its fire at the grenade discharger squad. 

The sole crew member in one of the teams is killed, which sees the team wiped out. That achieves one of the results Dave was after and Japanese morale drops down to two. Is any chance of a Japanese victory slipping away? 

The rifle team in the factory prepare to throw in a second grenade, but I decide this might be the best time to use that CoC die and interrupt. 

While the rifle team is facing out of the factory a move into that room will make this an attack from the rear. The Japanese attack with eight dice to the British six.

Once again Japanese aggression with the bayonet pays off. Casualties are relatively light with the British losing two men and the Japanese only one, but it's enough to see the rifle team driven out of the factory. 

They finally have the opportunity to throw the grenade that the Japanese so rudely interrupted, but now they have a more difficult target to hit and the grenade misses. 

The rifle team themselves still have an activation and so they move around the exterior to the rear of the factory. 

The Lewis Gun team in the centre of the factory move away from the window and turn to face the internal doorway, ready for the inevitable arrival of the Japanese squad.

The Malays maintain their pressure on the grenade discharger squad and the 2” mortar team target them with another of their limited HE rounds.

There's one hit but it inflicts only a further point of shock.

After surviving that double phase the Japanese command roll is 642. The Rikugun is at the forefront of the action and even though there are limited command dice he is the right man in the right place at the right moment. 

Finally it's time to bring the flamethrower into action. The Rikugun rallies a point of shock from the flamethrower team and has them advance out of the smoke with a single movement die. 

They emerge from the smoke and unleash a blast of burning fuel at the factory. 

It may be at only half effect, but could prove deadly nonetheless. 

The Malays suffer three casualties, which wipes out what remained of the section rifle team and wounds the section corporal. With a team wiped out and a junior leader wounded British morale drops down to four. 

The Rikugun then orders the MMG team to fire at the same target. 

The platoon lieutenant, the heroic Adnan Saidi, is hit and wounded. That's a real blow to the platoon and their morale drops a further two points down to two. 

That was a devastating phase for the Malays who see their platoon further depleted and their morale close to zero. The Japanese are not that much better off and so the game hangs in the balance. The Japanese squad in the factory holds its ground for now, I will wait to see if the flamethrower can do more damage before they consider moving in to the next room. 

The British are reduced to three command dice, but a roll of 411 gives several options for activations. The 2” mortar fire team try to blind the flamethrower team with smoke. 

This time their aim is off and the smoke round lands in the grounds of the factory. 

The rifle team at the rear of the factory make their way around the outside of the fence to try and locate the flamethrower team.

The wounded platoon lieutenant moves into the adjoining room in the factory and orders the bren team to fire at the grenade discharger squad. 

This time the fire has no effect.

The Malays are being pushed back slowly into a corner of the factory but the Japanese have suffered many casualties and their force morale is no better. We are heading to a very tense conclusion to the game and the campaign.

In the Japanese phase the command roll of 521 is limiting, but it's enough to activate the flamethrower team. They no longer have sight of any British units and so they clamber over the fence and into the grounds of the factory in search of a target. 

The grenade discharger squad tries to silence the 2” mortar, which has proven such a menace. 

A couple of grenades land on target and one of the mortar team is killed.

The British command roll of 553 is equally limiting but it does give them another full CoC die. The Malays have been pushed right back into the corner of the factory and they really have nowhere else to go. I think we have reached a do-or-die moment in the game. The wounded section corporal makes one of those decisions that will either look foolish or heroic depending on the outcome. He musters the courage to lead the men of the bren team out of the factory to take on the flamethrower team. 

They don't have far to go and should be able to reach close combat range.

The platoon lieutenant and the sergeant are attached, so they all burst out of the factory and attack the flamethrower team. 

The Malays lose two men from the bren team but they wipe out the flamethrower team in yet another vicious bout of close combat.

The loss of a support team sees the Japanese suffer a catastrophic two point drop in force morale which crashes down to zero, handing a game and campaign victory to the Malays. Talk about coming right down to the wire - what a fantastic finale to a great campaign. 

That was a particularly bloody struggle with a lot more close combat than usual. The Japanese were certainly unlucky to have so many NCOs taken as casualties but on the other hand the luck favoured them against the odds in each and every close combat. I can't have any complaints.

In hindsight is there anything I could have done better? Quite possibly. I managed to close down one jump-off-point in the jungle but didn't send a unit to capture it. Perhaps I should have done that and done the same with the jump-off-point by the entrenchment. I did capture one in the factory and perhaps I should have used a CoC die to end the turn then. The combination of capturing all three jump-off-points may have been enough to drive down British force morale. I suspect all the action on the table drew my attention away from looking at game winning mechanics like capturing jump-off-points. To be honest, I think I was having too much fun.

There were a few other things that could have been handled better. Certainly moving the flamethrower team over the fence and into the factory was unwise, they could have used the protection of the fence to move around the factory and fire through the windows. I should have also considered having the grenade discharger squad revert to a rifle squad and leave their grenade dischargers behind, thereby forming one squad rather than three vulnerable teams. That way they could have accompanied the flamethrower team and provided them with protection. 

However let none of that detract from a very enjoyable and tense game, a very fitting finale to a good campaign. It demonstrates how even a short four map campaign can produce a very engaging narrative and a range of challenges for both players. Credit to Mark Backhouse for devising the campaign and to Wargames, Soldiers and Strategy magazine for supporting Chain of Command with such excellent content.

You find reports for all the games in this campaign and many other campaigns on the Chain of Command Campaign AAR page here.

Last Stand on Opium Hill, a campaign for Chain of Command, appears in Issue 101 of Wargames, Soldiers and Strategy Magazine. My thanks to the magazine and publisher for permission to reproduce the maps.

If you are interested in more action set in the Far East you can follow a campaign between the Australians and Japanese that takes place in Malaya a few weeks prior to this current campaign. Click here for the first game report for the Malaya 1942 campaign.

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